High speed RF Plasma Source for Nitrogen/ Oxygen

RF-X 50/63


  • Up to several μm/h growth rates
  • Largest range of models from research to production
  • Optimized reactive species production
  • Perfect for spintronics, high k applications, perovskites, MgZnOand related oxides
  • Excellent for GaNbased LED and power amplifiers
  • Efficient gas consumption and reliable design
  • More than 80 high speed sources installed worldwide


Riber offers the largest range of RF sources on the market today and cover customer needs from research to production. Different materials for the discharge cavity are available to configure the source for reactive Nitrogen or Oxygen species. RF sources cover an array of applications such as Nitrides (GaInAlN…), diluted nitrides (GaInAsN, II-VI doping), Oxides (ZnO, spintronics, high-K…), diluted Oxides (Doping, mixed Nitride / Oxide),….
The minimum source configuration requires a cavity, a cell body, and a matching box (comprising a RF generator, cables and water switch).

Optical emission diagnostics (OED) can also be implemented onto the source for flux stability.

Semiconductor grade gas panels are available for mass flow control, gas purification, and driving electronics. Dual gas injection panel is available in case gas mixing is requested.

Working principles

The RF plasma source operates by mean of an electrical field produced by the inductive coupling of the RF coil surrounding the cavity. A RF (13.56 MHz) generator delivers power to the discharge cavity space. To maximize power transfer to the plasma, a matching network is used to match the 50 Ohm impedance of the generator to the purely 50 Ohm impedance of the cavity load. Plasma in the cavity space produces atoms by dissociation of the molecular species. Atoms flow along with the non-dissociated molecules into the vacuum environment through an array of small holes at the front disk of the cavity («end–plate»).The hole arrangement is also called the «pattern». This pattern depends on application.

A large flux will require a large number of holes compared to an application where only a very small flux is required. Atoms generally have a very low recombination coefficient, so even those undergoing several wall collisions will ultimately contribute to the atom beam flux.

The electron sheet, covering the inside cavity walls, the hole sizes and shape are designed to minimize ions and electrons released from the cavity (Current lower than 10 nA / cm2).

Gas breakdown will occur above a certain pressure in the cavity. This pressure depends upon the gas ionization potential. As a result, and for a given cavity pattern, the flow rate of molecular gas will vary from gas to gas.

Plasma conditions is actively monitored via optical emission diagnostics to ensure flux stability and composition.


Technical information

Characteristics RF-N 50/63 RF-O 50/63
Cavity Material PBN Quartz
Cavity type Cavity with end-piece
Mounting flange CF 63 min – adaptations available
Tuning unit Automatic matching box (2 modules) – manual version also available
Power supply 600 W
Plasma observation viewport CF 16
Isolation valve Included
Gas inlet DN CF 16/ VCR ¼’’
RF coil water cooling Included–Ø6mm Swagelok connection
DP>2 bars
0,3 l/min
RF tuning unit cooling Air
Water security switch Included
Options Plasma optical emission detection
Deflection plates
Gas panel + mass flow controller
Gas purifier panel

Component interfacing

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