In & Ga Graphite-crucible cells for Nitrides – MS


  • High loading capacity
  • Excellent flux stability
  • Outstanding uniformity
  • High reliability, durability and low maintenance
  • Cost effective solution – made to last
  • Re-usable crucibles


The Master Source benefits from a technology which consists of a specific crucible design combining high performance with low operating and maintenance costs. The ultra-pure beam of stable flux is a result of the MS crucible concept.

Crucibles are made of Pyrolytic Graphite, that is not wetted by Ga or In which guarantees a very low defect density. These cells are preferably used for Nitrides application, where In & Ga usually tend to overflow under nitrogen atmosphere with a PBN crucible. Conversely, graphite crucible may induce unwanted C doping that could disturb mobility in usual III-V applications.

The nominal capacity of the Master Source varies from 25 cc to 5800 cc, for research applications to production. The Master Source is the optimal cell technology for the evaporation of materials with low and medium vapor pressure. It is used for elements III, but also allows the evaporation of more exotic materials like Ag, LiF, CdTe, etc.

The MS crucible is designed in two parts: the reservoir containing the material, and the effusion nozzle screwed into the reservoir. The removable nozzle of the MS crucible is shaped in such a way that it gives better uniformity and an optimal utilization of the material on the wafer.

The cylindrical reservoir shape maximizes the capacity of the crucible and allows the loading of a single shaped piece of material. The use of a shaped charge helps to reduce surface contaminations and results in high layer performances. The nozzle shape defines the spatial distribution of the flux.

The innovative design permits a narrow or wide flux beam, governing material consumption and defining uniformity criteria for the geometry of each system.

RIBER - In & Ga Graphite-crucible cells for Nitrides – MS140RIBER - In & Ga Graphite-crucible cells for Nitrides – MS240RIBER - In & Ga Graphite-crucible cells for Nitrides – MS440RIBER - In & Ga Graphite-crucible cells for Nitrides – MS540RIBER - In & Ga Graphite-crucible cells for Nitrides – MS1640


Technical information

Cell characteristics MS 240 MS 440 MS 540 MS1640 MS4000
Source capacity 40 cc 85 cc 130 cc 380 cc 400 cc
Mounting flange CF35 CF63 CF100 CF125 CF150
Temperature stability ± 0,2°C
Crucible shape Cylindrical
Crucible material Pyrolytic graphite
Filament type Dual Ta wire
Thermocouple type 2x C-type
Typical operating temperature* 100 – 1150°C
Maximum outgassing temperature 1350°C
Power required for maximum temperature 250 W 400 W 850 W 900 W 3 600 W
Power supply Two power supplies / Two temperature controllers

*For some versions and systems adaptations, water cooling may be necessary and would require upsized flange

Component interfacing

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